Let us begin with Psalm 19's declaration:
The heavens declare the glory of God;
the skies proclaim the work of his hands.
2 Day after day they pour forth speech;
night after night they reveal knowledge.
3 They have no speech, they use no words;
no sound is heard from them.
4 Yet their voice goes out into all the earth,
their words to the ends of the world.
What are the stars telling us? They are telling us, along with all of creation, that our God is the God of order, and is actively involved in reversing what sin brought to the planet.
What is the news telling us? Disorder and chaos are everywhere. It is what it is.
Who is right? The creation or CNN? Do you fear what you see, or do you stand on what is promised?
Let's go back to being an ancient people, staring out into the world around us. Is the order that we see permanent? Subject to change? Will sooner or later disappear?
Last night, we had a harvest moon and lunar eclipse. The night before, the full moon was so bright, it lit up the night with a lovely silver light. Last night, however, it was shrouded in darkness, with a deep russet hue. It was a scary contrast from the night before. (But I am a child of the Enlightenment and science; I know why the moon did what it did.) But, thousands of years ago, I would have trembled under such a moon.
Ancient people feared chaos. To the Greeks, for example, Chaos was the first thing that existed; darkness (“Erebus”) and night (“Nyx”) came from Chaos. One philosopher claimed that chaos was a “shapeless heap” and all the elements were thrown together in a formless mass.
Why this fear of chaos? Ancient people were one harvest, one insect plague, one blight, one flood, one epidemic away from disaster from the natural world. Ancient people were one invasion, one battle, one defeat, one siege, one capture away from disaster from the human world.
In ancient times, chaos led to disorder, which led to death. Pure and simple. This dark water is a nightmare for ancient people—if things started out that way, they can revert very easily...right?
Let's look at this key element, the water over which God hovers. Genesis was written by a man of the desert, Moses. It was read by a people of the desert: the children of Israel. Water to desert people (Canaan, Mesopotamia and Egypt) was a symbol of chaos as well as order. If it was controlled--irrigation--it provided a life-sustaining force. If it went out of control--flooding--it meant destruction and death.
God hovers above the water: He is above chaos; He is not in it or controlled by it. He is over it. Later on, Jesus walking on the water is no coincidence. He is walking over chaos.
What does God do? He imposes order on the chaos: "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2 Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters. 3 And God said, 'Let there be light,' and there was light. 4 God saw that the light was good, and he separated the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light 'day,' and the darkness he called 'night.'" God makes light triumph over the dark.
Next, "And God said, 'Let there be a vault between the waters to separate water from water.' 7 So God made the vault and separated the water under the vault from the water above it. And it was so. 8 God called the vault 'sky.'” God separates and thus controls the waters above. The sky will not fall, even in the most violent of rainstorms. Water is given a place under His hand.
Next, "And God said, 'Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear.' And it was so. 10 God called the dry ground 'land,' and the gathered waters he called 'seas.' And God saw that it was good." God separates and thus controls the waters below. Ground is assured of not forever disappearing back under the waters.
Next, "Then God said, 'Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed in it, according to their various kinds.' And it was so. 12 The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good." If you open an apple, you see an orchard yet to be born. The seeds in all plants means generation in perpetuity. Life is commanded to go on and on.
Next, "And God said, 'Let there be lights in the vault of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark sacred times, and days and years, 15 and let them be lights in the vault of the sky to give light on the earth.' And it was so. 16 God made two great lights—the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars. 17 God set them in the vault of the sky to give light on the earth, 18 to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good." God designates lights that govern day and night, keeping darkness under control and separate; even night itself has light in it. Darkness is not the norm; light is.
Next, "And God said, Let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the vault of the sky.' 21 So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living thing with which the water teems and that moves about in it, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 22 God blessed them and said, 'Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth.'” Reproduction means abundance in perpetuity. Emptiness is not the norm; abundance is.
Next, "And God said, 'Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds: the livestock, the creatures that move along the ground, and the wild animals, each according to its kind.' And it was so. 25 God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good." Again, reproduction means abundance in perpetuity. abundance is God's design.
Next, "Then God said, 'Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the livestock and all the wild animals, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.'” We govern the animals; we are a partner in God’s order.
Next, "So God created mankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them." We reflect Him and thus His order: we are the very embodiment of His orderly design.
Next, "God blessed them and said to them, 'Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky and over every living creature that moves on the ground.'” Reproduction provides continuity and order. We are designed to continue on; children represent this aspect of the divine order.
Next, "Then God said, 'I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. 30 And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds in the sky and all the creatures that move along the ground—everything that has the breath of life in it—I give every green plant for food.'” He assures food is available, because in an orderly system, all are provided for, whether animals or humans. Sustenance is not an accident or at the caprice of a impersonal system; it is in His design.
Next, "God saw all that he had made, and it was very good."
Good is equal to order, and order is equal to good. Chaos is banished. There is now form, fullness and light—the exact opposite of what God was originally hovering over.
Next time, "Where Four Rivers Meet" From Chaos to Christ, Part II